Cybersecurity career options with a master’s degree include high-level or management roles in the government and the private sector. With every new technological advancement comes a new breed of cybercriminals who threaten most businesses and consumers. But, there is an opportunity for those interested in the cybersecurity industry.
As data breach incidents increase, so does the demand for individuals with skills and knowledge about cybersecurity. This is especially the case for those who have a formal education. In this article, we’ll discuss what you can do if you have a Master’s degree in cybersecurity. But first, what is cybersecurity?
What is Cybersecurity?
Cybersecurity refers to the technologies and practices that help to protect networks, individuals, and companies from digital attacks. Instead of directly engaging with hackers, cybersecurity professionals focus on preventing these crimes through various strategies. Cybersecurity typically involves three key things: investigation, detection, and remediation.
As our reliance on the internet increases, we’re constantly releasing sensitive data. This is particularly the case regarding our financial and business information. Everything from Wi-Fi passwords to gaming consoles can be entry points for cybercriminals. And this is why the field of cybersecurity continues to evolve. It needs to meet the newest security challenges created by technological advancements.
1. Cybersecurity Specialist
The role of a Cyber Security Specialist is to protect information from illegal duplication, theft, and unauthorized access. Specifically, they fight against individuals who use hacking methods to steal private or sensitive information from computers. Their primary function is to find leaks and risks and then develop strategies that help to prevent breaches. They typically work with cloud servers, computer networks, payment software, mobile devices, and more.
2. Cybersecurity Analyst
Cybersecurity analysts develop security measures to protect companies’ computer networks and systems. They install software and encryption, report breaches, research technology trends, and educate the company about security. Many cybersecurity analysts simulate attacks to find weak spots in the system.
These individuals often create contingency plans that the company can follow in cases of emergency. Hackers always use new strategies and tools, so cybersecurity analysts must remain current on their latest strategies.
3. Cybersecurity Consultant
Cybersecurity consultants are responsible for protecting their client’s data against cyber attacks. Specifically, they use their knowledge of networks, databases, firewalls, hardware, and encryption to assess the infrastructure and develop a plan to prevent unauthorized access, data loss, and modification.
This ensures that the client can avoid the theft of their personal and financial information. It also prevents hackers from being able to access and divulge their proprietary data. Cybersecurity consultants often make recommendations for software and hardware upgrades.
4. Cybersecurity Engineer
The role of a cybersecurity engineer is to protect the company’s systems and networks by performing penetration testing and assessments. Specifically, they manage intrusions and troubleshoot unauthorized access to the organization’s network and systems. These individuals are also web security engineers, IT security engineers, data security engineers, and application security engineers. They often collaborate with other departments to establish a security protocol.
5. Cybersecurity Architect
A security architect is responsible for anticipating the tactics and movements of hackers. This way, they can prevent unauthorized access to a company’s computer system. This means they must always remain current on the latest security and technology developments. Cybersecurity architects were once hackers in most cases, so they deeply understand how these individuals think.
However, a security architect must understand how the company’s system works. They need to know precisely who has access and where all of the weak points are. Then, they can recommend ways that the organization can improve the security of its computers. These individuals are also responsible for creating, monitoring, and enforcing user policies. Cybersecurity architects also invent countermeasures for when the system has an unauthorized user.
6. Forensic Computer Analyst
Forensic computer analysts are the detectives of the cybersecurity industry. After a security breach has taken place, forensic computer analysts are the individuals who review the data for evidence. This usually includes handling storage devices and hard drives. They also use specialized software programs to identify weaknesses and recover data from destroyed or damaged devices.
They must follow all privacy procedures very closely. This is especially the case when dealing with personal and financial information. Forensic computer analysts must also keep accurate and detailed records. Seasoned professionals log all their findings since they may need them for future litigation.
7. Chief Information Security Officer
The chief information security officers oversee an organization’s general operations. Chief information security officers often called CISOs, plan and coordinate all security needs. This includes putting together a team of security professionals. CISOs should possess a strong background in strategy and security architecture.
Cybersecurity Career Options Include Helping to Prevent Cyber Attacks
At one time, cybersecurity was considered a specialty only associated with defense contractors and government agencies. However, it’s now become a part of the mainstream. Industries such as manufacturing, finance, retail, and health care all hire cybersecurity professionals so that they can defend themselves against breaches. The demand for those who are specialists in this field is extremely high.
Some research shows that by 2026, the industry will grow by as much as 28 percent. If you’re interested in joining this industry, you must consider your specific skills and interests. Would you like to be involved in preparing for breaches? Or, would you like to help with the aftermath? You have many options if you have a Master’s degree in cybersecurity.