What are Medical Billing and Coding Career Options?

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Medical Billing and Coding career options include roles in the private sector, working for government agencies, and also virtual employment.

With an online degree, there are many medical billing and coding career options. Are you looking to enter the healthcare support field? Are you already working in healthcare but ready to branch out? If so, earning an online Medical Billing and Coding associate degree can help get you there.

The healthcare industry is one of the top employers in the country, and there is no sign of it slowing down in terms of the need for new medical billing and coding professionals. With an associate degree, you’ll become a part of a healthcare team providing top-notch services to patients, practitioners, clinics, hospitals, and insurance companies.

What Skills Do You Learn in a Medical Billing and Coding Program?

A Medical Billing and Coding degree offers a solid foundation of the type of knowledge needed to successfully land a job and to also excel at it. The skills you will learn will most likely include the list below.

  • medical terminology
  • medical and insurance coding
  • medical billing techniques
  • healthcare records management
  • patient confidentiality
  • healthcare communications
  • medical ethics and law
  • insurance procedures and claim processing techniques

Are Medical Billing and Medical Coding the Same?

Medical billing and medical coding are closely related but often seen as two different jobs. In contrast, coding focuses more on identifying treatments and services performed by a healthcare provider and assigning specific coding to each one. Then billing uses this coding to prepare, submit, and follow up on claims to insurance companies.

In a small doctor’s office or physician’s practice, the same person often does the two roles combined. In larger healthcare facilities like hospitals, these roles can be separate since the volume of work is so great. With an Associate’s degree that combines both medical billing and medical coding, your career options will be doubly enhanced. While many certificate programs offer one or the other as a specialty, combining the two provides you with more in-depth knowledge, and more options to set you out on a successful career path.

What is the Job Outlook for Medical Billing and Coding?

Is there a demand for medical coders? According to the office of the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, jobs for Medical Records and Health Information Technicians, which include Medical Coders and Billers, are set to grow faster than average at least through 2030, and possibly beyond.

Healthcare continues to be one of the fastest-growing industries, and healthcare administration support positions such as these are a big part of that. You don’t have to provide hands-on patient care in order to be part of the medical field. Instead, you can thrive in the healthcare industry with a specialty in medical billing and coding.

Where Do Medical Billing and Coders Work?

What types of industries hire medical coders? There are various healthcare settings in which you can use your degree and new skills to the fullest. The largest employer is hospitals.

Largest Employers – Medical Billing & CodingPercent
Outpatient Centers16%
Doctor’s Offices14%
Administrative Support Services5%
BLS Largest employer by percent of Medical Billing and Coding workers.

However, there are many other healthcare settings where you can work which are listed below.

  • hospitals
  • outpatient care facilities
  • doctor’s offices
  • rehabilitation centers
  • nursing care facilities
  • local health departments
  • medical accounting offices
  • legal offices specializing in the medical field
  • healthcare software developer companies
  • medical auditing consultants or companies
  • independent third-party billing companies

Medical Billing and Coding Salary

The average yearly salary for Medical Records and Health Information Specialists as reported by the BLS is approximately $52,000 a year. The salaries by area of employment are listed below.

Medical Billing & Coding EmployerAnnual Salary
Administrative Support Services$43,890
Outpatient Centers$40,220
Doctor’s Offices$39,190
BLS Highest Salaries for Medical Billing and Coding workers by employer.

Job Opportunities with a Medical Billing and Coding Associate Degree

With an Online Medical Billing and Coding associate degree, you are not tied to any one job title, but instead, have several options available. Each one will vary when it comes to job responsibilities, but all will involve the skills you acquire during your studies and training.

Additionally, you can easily transfer your skills to different healthcare settings as you move along your career path, taking the knowledge with you wherever you go. Examples of these various available job opportunities are listed below.

  • Medical Coding Specialist
  • Medical Billing Specialist or Associate
  • Medical Billing and Coding Specialist
  • Medical Records Technician
  • Medical Records Coordinator
  • Health Information Technologist
  • Insurance Company Liaison
  • Government-run Medicare and Medicaid Liaison
  • Medical Billing Specialist
  • Healthcare Software Coder

You also have the option to specialize in one area of healthcare, such as geriatrics, pediatrics, gynecology/obstetrics, oncology, or orthopedics. You can work for ophthalmologists, neurologists, or dozens of other specialists.

There’s no need to stop there either. If you choose, you can also continue to build your career and increase your level of responsibilities in a healthcare establishment. This may be as a supervisor, manager, or internal auditor.

Remote Medical Billing and Coding Jobs

Another consideration is to work from home as an independent contractor or start your own business offering your skills to various healthcare facilities and offices. Working remotely has gained in popularity and is widely accepted by more and more employers.

As long as you have access to high-speed internet, and a secure connection so you can remain in compliance with the privacy requirements of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA), and self-discipline and commitment, you can be successful.

Your Career in Medical Billing and Coding

If you’re looking for a career in the healthcare industry offering job security and upward mobility, a medical billing and coding degree may be the perfect fit for you. As the demand for these positions continues to grow, an Online Medical Billing and Coding associate degree will set you on a career path of your own making wherever you are or choose to go.


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